Acquired Brain Injury

Specialist nursing and rehabilitation after neurological trauma

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is trauma to the brain caused by external or internal physical injury. External injuries are usually the result of falls, car crashes, sporting accidents or assaults; while internal injuries can arise from illness (such as stroke, cerebral haemorrhage, tumour or infection), poisoning or substance abuse.

The severity and type of problems caused by acquired brain injury will depend on where and how much the brain has been damaged. They may include loss of motor skills, paralysis, sensory impairment, communication problems, swallowing difficulties, cognitive and memory loss, personality changes, learning difficulties, disturbed sleep, depression and epilepsy – but the list is far wider than this, and every case is unique.

Unlike degenerative disorders, which tend to get worse over time, acquired brain injuries can and do stabilise and improve.

The nurse led-team work as part of an interdisciplinary team to oversee the care of residents. At the outset, our team carry out a detailed and thorough assessment . Then, with input from members of the multidisciplinary team and the family, a care action plan is devised. This plan is reviewed at regular intervals to assess the progress of the resident and altered accordingly to maintain goals in the care and rehabilitation of the resident.

If you are a case worker or care manager wishing to discuss a client with acquired brain injuries, or a family member or friend seeking advice for a loved one, our clinical advisors would be more than happy to talk to you. Call us on 01327 301041 between 9am and 5pm, or email us on